Melasma Pigmentation/ Melarase
Melarase for dark spots
Dark spots can occur as a result of postinflammatory hyperpigmentation, skin trauma, and sun damage. These areas of hyperpigmentation occur as a result of abnormal production of melanin by the melanocyte within the epidermis of the skin. There are many classes of hyperpigmentation that can develop as a result of hyperstimulation of melanin production. The melanocyte is a cell that is contained within the epidermis of the skin that controls the production of pigment. Factors such as UV light, hormonal influences, inflammatory factors, and skin trauma can affect the production of melanin by the pigment cells. This abnormal amount of pigment are produced, the skin appears darker in the area, leading to a characteristic brown spot on the skin. This may occur on the face in the form of dark spots or along a scar in the form of dark discoloration.
Dr. Raffy Karamanoukian is a board certified plastic surgeon and an expert in the management of dark spots and abnormal pigmentation on the skin. He has given lectures nationally to aestheticians and physicians regarding the proper treatment of skin pigmentation in the form of age spot, dark spot, melasma, and scar discoloration. Different forms of skin discoloration can be treated with a combination of topical creams, laser, and chemical peels to reduce the pigmentation and lighten the overall skin complexion.
Dr. Karamanoukian has advocated the use of Melarase cream for the correction of dark discoloration related to melasma and skin discoloration. Melarase contains a proprietary combination of skin lightening agent that can reduce the amount of pigmentation in the skin. The action of Melarase works by inhibiting the activity of tyrosinase within the melanocyte. This effectively disrupts the mechanism of melanin production, leading to a characteristic lightening of skin tone and dark spots. Uneven skin pigmentation can improve and the skin can resume its more natural state of complexion.
The Melarase skin system utilizes topical creams that work in combination to lighten abnormal skin pigmentation. Whether you have dark spots on the legs from insect bite, dark acne scars, scar discoloration, melasma, or age spots, the combination of creams contain within the Melarase complex can help improve your condition. Melarase supports skin health and can work effectively to improve the look and feel of your skin.
If you are considering treatment for skin discoloration and skin pigmentation, the Melarase treatment can work effectively on these areas. The system entails a three step process including Melarase AM for sun block and pigment control, Melarase PM for gentle exfoliation and pigment control, and RR Retinoid Repair cream for deeper exfoliation and skin moisturization. The combination of creams can be used on different parts of the body to control pigmentation within the skin. Ethnic skin types may vary and the Melarase skin system works well with dark complexions, Asians skins, Pacific Islanders, and Latin skin types.
Melarase can help you fight embarrassing skin pigmentation and melasma
Melasma is a skin condition characterized by patchy skin discoloration on the face. The most common patterns of melasma are centrofacial (forehead, upper lip, and chin), malar areas (cheeks), and mandible (jawline).
The condition is sometimes referred to as chloasma, sunspots, or the 'mask of pregnancy.' Women usually develop melasma after puberty when they are exposed to either exogenous hormones (birth control pills) or are pregnant. Although melasma is commonly seen in women, it can appear in men without any known precipitating factors.
Frequently Asked Questions About Melarase AM/PM and Melasma.
How will I know if Melarase AM and Melarase PM work on my pigmentation and sun spots? Skin pigmentation is a difficult problem to correct, partly because it is usually a chronic condition with no known cure. All topical skin products act to control pigmentation, but there are currently no treatments that can cure it forever. Skin pigmentation from melasma is caused by a combination of hormonal influences, direct sun exposure, UV exposure, and family history. Clinical studies and physician responses to Melarase have determined that Melarase AM and Melarase PM can correct both epidermal melasma and pigmentation as well as deeper dermal melasma and pigmentation. Most sun spots and melasma pigmentation can be improved with daily use of Melarase AM and Melarase PM. These creams are not intended for the treatment of congenital moles, however.
A dermatologist or skin specialist can help you determine the type of pigmentation you have. Alternatively, Dr. Raffy Karamanoukian and Dr. Hratch Karamanoukian have co-authored an authoritative book on melasma for patients that can serve as a complete reference book for patients with skin discoloration.
How long will one bottle of Melarase AM or Melarase PM last with daily use? Both Melarase AM and Melarase PM are available in 2 ounce, 60 gram airless pumps. One-half gram of product should be used with each application to the face, so that one tube should last you about one to two months if both Melarase AM and Melarase PM are being used. You may also consider using the product on other sun exposed areas of the face, neck, shoulders, chest, and arms, which would reduce the time to completion of the product.
Do I have to use sunscreen with the Melarase program? Fortunately, Melarase AM was specifically designed to include a sunscreen in the product when applied in the daytime. Melarase AM has SPF 30 formulated into the product. If you are exposed to heavy sun or are in the water for long periods of time, consider reapplication of product every 30 minutes or as needed.
What are the goals of Melarase AM and Melarase PM and why are they different than other programs? Melasma is a chronic condition that must be tackled from many different angles. Melarase AM and Melarase PM were not formulated as bleaching agents because this is not a sustainable method for melasma control. A more definitive approach is to help regulate melanocyte activity by controlling how much melanin is produced. By regulating the action of the melanocyte, skin discoloration in overactive areas are controlled and thus improved. Melarase regulates the activity of the melanocyte, thus controlling the depth and severity of skin discoloration.
Melarase AM Intensive Skin Brightener | 60 gm
The treatment of skin discoloration is sometimes frustrating for those patients who have suffered from dark scars, hormonal patterns of skin pigmentation, melasma, and uneven complexion. Although there are a seemingly endless line-up of creams and products to treat skin discoloration, only a few product lines take the helm in terms of efficacy and clinical safety. The Melarase line of products (Melarase AM and Melarase PM) are specifically designed to reduce skin discoloration associated with melasma, dark scars, age spots, and sun damage. Please take the time to read about the Melarase protocol and see for yourself why thousands of women have successfully attained their skin goals through this unique program.
To start, it takes a few minutes to understand the process of abnormal skin pigmentation. Most men and women who suffer from abnormal skin pigmentation have over-excited skin pigment cells in their skin that are known as melanocytes. These cells over over-stimulated, thus they produce excess quantities of the pigment melanin in the skin. The reason why they are overactive is largely unknown, but we believe that it is caused by stimulation by sun exposure, UV light, genetic vulnerability, family history, and hormones. The hormones found in birth control pills and hormone replacement can stimulate skin pigmentation, as can pregnancy and breastfeeding.
When characteristic dark spots begin to pop up on the face in healthy women, the diagnosis is usually a condition known as melasma. Melasma patients do not have a disease, but rather, over-excited pigment cells. The main treatments for melasma and skin pigmentation include chemical peels, facial peels, lasers, and topical creams. It is best to start with simple topical creams such as the Melarase system to reduce the pigmentation as much as possible. This makes pigment control easier and longerlasting.
Q: Can I switch from Obagi products to Melarase creams?
A: There are many different types of topical treatments for skin discoloration and facial pigmentation. Melarase AM and Melarase PM can be used to treat facial discoloration related to sun exposure, hormones, melasma, facial aging, and scars. If you have been using other topical treatments, Melarase can be used tto treat remnant skin discoloration that has remained resistant to previous treatment. The efficacy of Melarase depends on its multi-action tyrosinase inhibition to block the production of pigment in dark spots and age spots.
Q: Should I use the Melarase AM or Melarase PM products?
A: Patients often ask if they need both products to achieve the desired effect. Melarase AM and Melarase PM work synergistically to mitigate the effects of melanocyte hyperstimulation. When the pigment cells are overactive or stimulated, they often release excess pigment that gets trapped in the epidermis and dermis. This pigment is usually stubborn and may leave discolored areas of skin. Melarase AM and Melarase PM work together to combat abnormal pigment production and should be used in unison to maximize effect.
Melarase PM Dark Spot Corrector
Melarase PM Dark Spot Corrector | 60 gm
Melarase PM has been shown to improve skin discoloration in patients who have abnormal skin pigmentation due to melasma, scars, post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, and chronic sun exposure. Pigmentation of the skin is a difficult issue to correct, particularly in those individuals who have multiple risk factors including chronic inflammation, sun exposure, UV exposure, genetic predisposition to pigmentation, and hormonal exposure. The root cause of abnormal skin pigmentation is overstimulation of the pigment cells in the epidermis of the skin. These pigment cells are known as melanocytes. Once activated, melanocytes can overproduce pigment, thus causing characteristic brown spots on the skin.
Melarase PM acts on the pigment cells themselves to halt the production of excess pigment in the skin, thereby lightening the existing discoloration. For use in conjunction with Melarase AM, RR Retinoid Repair Cream, and MelaPads.
Everything you need to know about melasma and skin pigmentation
Brooke Burke Discusses Embarrassing Melasma on The Doctors.
On a recent episode of the Emmy Award winning show, The Doctors, actress Brooke Burke takes off her makeup to reveal an embarrassing problem known as melasma. Melasma is usually diagnosed on clinical examination, where dark patches of discoloration appear on the face, including the cheeks, upper lip, forehead, and jawline. Melasma was previously known as the "Mask of Pregnancy" or as chloasma. The skin discoloration, mostly present in women of childbearing age, was most often associated with pregnancy in the past. New studies have shown that there is a relationship between melasma and diet, sun exposure, family history, skin inflammation, and hormonal exposure.
Brooke was candid about her condition and discussed how embarrassing the facial pigmentation was, particularly after her pregnancies. Unlike suntanning, melasma may not completely resolve on its own, thus necessitating topical treatments including skincare products such as Melarase, chemical peels, and laser.
An excellent option to improve the visibility of dark pigmentation and skin discoloration is a product regimen known as Melarase. Melarase AM and Melarase PM can help control abnormal pigmentation by reducing the production of melanin within the melanocyte.
Using a 694 nm Q-switch Ruby laser for melasma in Koreans
A study published in Dermatologic Surgery in August 2011 showed that multiple treatments with a low-dose fractional Ruby laser could improve melasma in a subset of Korean patients. The study highlights the controversial nature of fractional Ruby laser in the treatment of melasma, but underscores their initial positive results with the treatments. Laser treatment for melasma is generally performed cautiously because there are many variables that cause melasma that laser does not address. These include sun exposure, UV exposure, and the affects of exogenous and endogenous estrogens and progesterones. Birth control pills and pregnancy can induce melasma and skin pigmentation. In any case, a combination treatment should include lifestyle changes, sunscreen, topical creams such as Melaquin Skin Brightening Complex, and ancillary treatments such as laser or chemical peels.
Where does the term Melasma come from?
The term melasma is derived from the Greek word melas, which means black. Commonly, melasma arises as a brownish discoloration on the face and/or neck. It is also known as the 'mask of pregnancy,' as it is often associated with hormonal changes during pregnancy.
Other causes of melasma include family history of skin pigmentation, increased UV exposure, suntanning, chronic inflammation, and exogenous hormones such as Estrogen Replacement Therapy or birth control pills.
Top 5 steps to take for melasma
SUNSCREEN: Wear sunscreen, even on a cloudy day. One of the most common reasons to develop melasma and facial pigmentation is UV exposure. This can arise from direct sunlight as well as UV rays that can penetrate through clouds. Sunscreen, especially one that is SPF 30 or greater, can reduce the skin’s response to UV light.
SOY PRODUCTS: Limit foods that contain soy (including Edamame). Soy products have something called phytoestrogens, that are plant steroids that are very similar to estrogen. These foods can actually make your melasma and skin pigmentation worse. Check the ingredients on all processed foods, as soybean oil has become a very common additive to breads and cheeses.
BIRTH CONTROL PILLS: Talk to your doctor about birth control pills. Birth control pills can actually induce melasma and skin pigmentation. This is thought to occur because the melanocyte, or pigment cells in the skin are stimulated by estrogen. The same thing happens during pregnancy, which is why we often refer to melasma as the ‘mask of pregnancy.’
EXFOLIATE: The effects of your summer tan can actually accentuate your sun spots. One of the best treatments for dull, aging skin is daily exfoliation. Try the SkinKare Acne Relief Pads which contain potent Salicylic and Glycolic Acids to exfoliate the skin; while natural extracts soothe reactive pores and breakouts.
PHOTOFACIALS: For those of you with no time to spare, you may consider a photofacial to target the pigmentation and remove dark spots. Photofacials are one of the most common cosmetic procedures in America, partly because there is no downtime and results are quick. Most people should plan on a multi-pronged approach to melasma, including topical skin creams, chemical peels, and photofacials.